LEONID DAILY NEWS: October 31, 2000
Figure left: White dots on a diagram of the Moon show where in 2000 Leonid meteoroid
impacts may be expected. Figure right: Location of impacts during the 1999 encounter.
PROSPECTS FOR MOON IMPACT STUDIES
Eight impact flashes of Leonid meteoroids hitting the Moon
were recorded with CCD video cameras attached to
small telescopes during the 1999 Leonid return. Luis Bellot Rubio, Jose Ortiz and Pedro Sada
report in the upcoming special leonid issue of Earth, Moon and Planets that the biggest
Leonid meteoroid hitting the Moon was about 5 kg in mass and
created a new Moon crater of between 7 and 32 meter in diameter (
Full paper - PDF ). The impact positions are shown in the figure to the right.
Moon impact enthusiasts will have a tough chase this year.
The Moon will be positioned between Earth and the Leonid shower during the November 2000
encounter, as a result of which most Leonid meteoroid impacts will be on the back side of
the Moon. The image left shows Moon impact
predictions by Pete Gural of SAIC,
with the white points representing the potential impact area for a
uniformly random distribution of stream particles, the black cross is the
radiant subpoint on the far side.
The 2000 Leonids are most unfavorable with a few leakers
over the northeast limb but unfortunately on the bright face for Nov 17. On
Nov 18 the geometry is worse with the moon closer to the radiant with
virtually no impacts visible on the sunward side.
Even so, Moon impacts could prove the prize discovery of this year's Leonid season.
There is a remote chance, that impacts on the North Pole of the Moon
may provide further evidence for water ice in craters that are in eternal darkness.
The Leonid meteoroids will
impact the bottom of craters in that area at a grazing angle.
This offers an opportunity to look for plumes containing water vapor.
Of course, the probability of large impacts is remote and the plume of debris will have
to rise high enough above the crater edge to be exposed by sunlight. Unlike impact flashes
that last less than 1/30th of a second, plumes are formed more gradually and even
imaging with regular astronomical CCD cameras on small telescopes may prove rewarding.
David Asher of Armagh Observatory calculated that the Moon will cross the 1932 dust
trail of comet Tempel-Tuttle around 5:00 UT on Nov. 17 at
approximately only four Earth-diameters from the center of the dust trail.
Previous news items:
Oct. 31 - Prospects for Moon Impact Studies
Oct. 30 - Comet dust crumbled less fine
These and other results of Leonid storm research
will appear in a special issue of the peer-reviewed journal
"Earth, Moon and Planets", published by Kluwer Academic Publishers, the Netherlands.